4.1.1 Objectives

The aim is to use detailed data on public, private, and civil society budgets, allocations and expenditures to inform and promote improved biodiversity policies, financing, and outcomes. The BER should result in a comprehensive report, a clear executive summary and policy briefs to help policymakers understand general trends, challenges and opportunities in biodiversity expenditures.

The BER should cover:

Spending basics:

Traces who spends money, on what types of actions, and how much is spent or invested.

Biodiversity categories:

Specifies expenditure categories that sort biodiversity expenditures and investments by key biodiversity targets, actors, strategies, goals and plans.

Policy alignment:

Analyses the degree to which spending aligns with stated government priorities.

Delivery patterns:

Considers whether the budget is allocated fully and to what extent the allocation has been disbursed and spent.

Financing sources:

Addresses the main government revenues coming from nature-based sources, how flows originate and are transmitted through the system.

Future spending:

Identifies biodiversity expenditure trends and data to estimate future spending.

Analysis and finance solutions: Highlights which thematic areas are better financed and why. It analyses opportunities for improved delivery. It compares biodiversity and sectoral expenditures to government budgets and GDP to explore opportunities for improved fiscal planning and finance solutions.