Mongolia BIOFIN Preliminary Findings

Mongolia Preliminary findings

The terminology “biodiversity” was first introduced when Mongolia ratified the Convention on Biodiversity (1992), and it has been mainstreamed in policy and planning documents as a synonymous term for the umbrella environmental issues including environmental protection1, preserving ecological balance, conservation of protected areas, protection of endangered flora and fauna species. Biodiversity is a complex system consists of all aquatic and terrestrial living organisms, their genetic diversity, habitats in biosphere and ecosystem diversity. In this sense the National Biodiversity Programme (NBP) is an umbrella programme covering environmental protection, biodiversity conservation, sustainable use of natural resources and restoring of depleted resources.