A Biodiversity Expenditure Review is focused on all types of expenditure contributing to sustainable biodiversity protection and management. Along with the public-sector expenditures, private sector spending and spending by international donor organizations, and NGOs are analyzed. Based on these analyses, there are calculated total expenditure figures, useful to summarize the BD financing trends and status on national level.
A Financial Needs Assessment is a comprehensive estimate and analysis of the financial resources needed to fully implement the biodiversity-related activities in a country to achieve its national and sub-national biodiversity targets. By comparing the expenditure on biodiversity as identified in the Biodiversity Expenditure Review to the financial needed analyses based on organisations sampled, the financing gap is estimated to better inform the development of the Biodiversity Finance Plan which helps prioritising of biodiversity strategies and actions and build strong case for resource mobilisation.
The Biodiversity Finance Plan, builds upon on the Biodiversity Expenditure Review and the Financial Needs Assessment, is an 8-year resource mobilisation plan to make biodiversity financing a national priority and biodiversity needs are fully address in a timely and appropriate manner by 2025. It proposed nine innovative solutions to address biodiversity financing needs and achieve the National Policy on Biological Diversity.