Nepal inhibits a vast biodiversity reflected by its great altitude variations ranging from flatlands to the highest mountain in the world. Besides an extraordinary landscape, Nepal caters an impressive number of unique mammals such as rhinos, snow leopards, river dolphins, tigers, crocodiles and pangolins. In 2017, the total tourism contribution was 7.5 per cent of Nepal’s GDP and is forecasted to rise 3.9 per cent annually. 
At the same time, Nepal is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world, with about one-quarter of its population living below the poverty line. Nepal is heavily dependent on remittances, which amount to as much as 30% of GDP. Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, providing a livelihood for almost two-thirds of the population but accounting for only one-third of GDP. Despite the importance of biodiversity and ecosystem services to the economy and people’s livelihoods, ecosystems are being reduced at an alarming rate. Nepal has established an impressive system of protected areas for the conservation of biodiversity with a close collaboration between the Government, NGOs and community-based organizations. The BIOFIN process aims to continue, enhance and broaden these successful stakeholder interactions.

Progress Reports

Policy and Institutional Review (PIR)

The Biodiversity Finance Policy and Institutional Review forms a reference point for the whole BIOFIN process.  The Review establishes a baseline of the national policy and institutional context in which the BIOFIN project is expected to expand biodiversity finance in Cambodia. 

This document will be available as soon as it will be ready. 

Expenditure Review (BER)

A Biodiversity Expenditure Review focuses on all types of expenditure contributing to sustainable biodiversity protection and management. Along with the public-sector expenditures, private sector spending and spending by international donor organizations, and NGOs are analyzed. Based on these analyses, there are calculated total expenditure figures, useful to summarize the BD financing trends and status on national level.

This document will be available as soon as it will be ready.

Needs Assessment (FNA)

The Financial Needs Assessment (FNA) study reveals and calculates the total amount of funding required to sustain and protect biodiversity in Cambodia. FNA coveres not only NBSAP, but other areas which have a significant effect on biodiversity and ecosystem services.

This document will be available as soon as it will be ready.  

Finance Plan (BFP)

The Biodiversity Finance Plan (BFP) is developed to identify and support the implementation of biodiversity finance solutions that together have the potential to significantly improve the management and financing of biodiversity management in Cambodia. 

This document will be available as soon as it will be ready.  

Knowledge Products

About Nepal