Expenditure Review (BER)

The Viet Nam Biodiversity Expenditure Review (BER) was undertaken as part of the Global Biodiversity Finance Initiative (BIOFIN) project, managed by UNDP in partnership with the European Commission (EU) and the governments of Germany, Switzerland, Norway and Flanders. The overall goal of the project is to explore national and subnational level biodiversity expenditures by different government organizations, agencies, ministries, NGOs and private sector actors, providing inputs for the better implementation of actions to reach national biodiversity targets both technically and financially.

The Viet Nam BER follows guidance provided by the BIOFIN global team, embedding a number of adjustments to ensure alignment with the specific contextual conditions of the country. The BER was completed with inputs from various sources at both the national and provincial level, such as: the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE), the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Provincial Departments of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARDs), Provincial Departments of Natural Resources and Environment (DONREs), National Parks (NPs), Nature Reserves (NRs), etc. All collected data and information was analyzed following the guidance provided in the BIOFIN Workbook (2016). Two consultation workshops were also organized, to collect comments and feedback from relevant stakeholders and interested parties, which were used to frame this final report and its recommendations.